Sher Bahadur Deuba

Sher Bahadur Deuba 
Born 13 June 1946
Sher Bahadur Deuba 
Sher Bahadur Deuba  is a Nepalese politician, and ex Prime Minister of Nepal. He previously served as Prime Minister from 1995 to 1997, from 2001 to 2002, from 2004 to 2005, and from 2017 to 2018. He is also the President of Nepali Congress, elected with more than 60% of the votes at the party's 13th Convention in 2016. He has twice been elected as the leader of parliamentary party of the Nepali Congress, thus enabling him to be elected twice as the Prime Minister of Nepal.

He was elected Prime Minister for the second time when he succeeded Girija Prasad Koirala who resigned in July 2001. Deuba dissolved the House of Representatives on May 2002 in order to hold new elections, but was unable to do so due to the ongoing civil war. This also led to a split in Nepali Congress with Deuba spearheading the Nepali Congress (Democratic) party. King Gyanendra then removed Deuba in October 2002 terming him incompetent for not holding parliamentary elections. After two other governments, Gyanendra restored Deuba to the position of Prime Minister in 2004. He was again removed from office on 1 February 2005 by King Gyanendra, who dissolved the government for three years and seized direct power.

Deuba was sentenced to two years in prison in July 2005 under corruption charges, but was subsequently released on February 13, 2006, after the anti-corruption body that sentenced him was outlawed. An official from Deuba's Nepali Congress (Democratic) party, Dip Kumar Upadhaya, told the Associated Press that Deuba's release was "a victory for democracy and a humiliating defeat for the royal regime".

Political career

Sher Bahadur Deuba during his first stint as Prime Minister. He has been elected as a Member of Parliament three times, representing Dadeldhura District.[citation needed] Following street protests against the UML government of Man Mohan Adhikari, he was declared the Parliamentary Leader of Nepali Congress in 1994.

In the election held to select the Parliamentary Leader for Nepali Congress following the resignation of G. P. Koirala, in 2001, he defeated Sushil Koirala by a huge margin. This victory established him as a powerful leader, especially because his rival was supported by G. P. Koirala, the president of Nepali Congress.

However, in 2009, he lost the election for the position of the Leader of the Parliamentary Party of the Nepali Congress to Ram Chandra Paudel. His loss was attributed to his support for party leader G. P. Koirala, who wanted his daughter, Sujata Koirala (an unpopular leader), to lead the party.

Personal life
Deuba comes from Ganyapdhura Gaupalika Ward No. 01 previously known as (Asigram-3), Dadeldhura, one of the most remote district in the Far West Region of Nepal. His family is from royal dynasty of Chandravanshi rajput. He is known as Thakuri (Rajput) of the Doti region, he have six brother among them Sher Bahadur is a eldest.

He is married to Dr. Arzu Rana Deuba and has a son, Jaiveer Singh Deuba. In November 2016, Deuba was conferred an honorary doctorate degree by Jawaharlal Nehru University.

Deuba has a Master's Degree in Political Science while he holds Bachelor's Degree in Arts and Law. He is rumoured to have been a Research Fellow of Political in Prestigious London School Of Economics from 1988 to 1989. But Sher Bahadur Deuba was never a "research fellow" at the London School of Economics (LSE). Deuba seems to have registered as a student under a category called "research fee", allowing him to use the LSE library and have a professor assigned for general guidance.

Nepali Congress (Democratic)
After dispute between Girija Prasad Koirala, President of Nepali Congress and Sher Bahadur Deuba, the Prime Minister, over continuation of Emergency Situation in Nepal, Nepali Congress underwent vertical split into Nepali Congress led by Koirala and Nepali Congress (Democratic) led by Deuba. Both parties ultimately merged in 2007 with the name of unified party to remain as Nepali Congress.

2008 Constituent Assembly election
In the Constituent Assembly election held on 10 April 2008, the Nepali Congress nominated Deuba as its candidate for Dadeldhura and Kanchanpur-4 constituencies under the first-past-the-post (FPTP) system. He won from both the constituencies.

In the subsequent vote for Prime Minister, held in the Constituent Assembly on 15 August 2008, Deuba was nominated by the Nepali Congress, but was defeated by Prachanda of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). Deuba received 113 votes, while Prachanda received 464.

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